The climate of Jammu and Kashmir vary greatly owing to its gruged topography. In the south around Jammu, the climate is typically monsoonal, though the region is sufficiently far west to average 40 to 50 mm rain per months between January and March. In the hot season, Jammu city is very hot and erratic rainfall occurs with monthly extremes of up to 650 millimetres , rainfall declines, and by October conditions are hot but extremely dry, with minimal rainfall and temperatures of around 29 °C
Across from the main Himalaya Range, even the southwest cloudbands break up and the climate of Ladakh and Zanskar is extremely dry and cold. Annual rain is only around 100 mm per year and dampness is very low.